Australian Researchers Find 1,150 Species in Their Suburban Home and Its Backyard – cnn hollywood

admin

A challenge among University of Queensland researchers Matt Holden, Andrew Rogers and Russell Yong to identify species around their home in Brisbane, Australia, has resulted in a paper in the journal Ecology.

Rogers et al. discovered 1,150 unique species of animals, plants and fungi around their inner-Brisbane home. Image credit: Penny.

HTML tutorial

Rogers et al. discovered 1,150 unique species of animals, plants and fungi around their inner-Brisbane home. Image credit: Penny.

Dr. Holden, Dr. Rogers and Dr. Yong took a census of their share house and its backyard during the COVID-19 lockdowns in 2020, and discovered 1,150 unique species of animals, plants and fungi over a 12-month period.

“We asked a large number of ecologists and conservation scientists how many species they’d expect to find in this setting and they predicted only 200,” Dr. Holden said.

HTML tutorial

“But after 60 days of surveying, we’d already discovered 777 species.”

“It shows suburban houses and apartments could have far more biodiversity than ever imagined, especially when it comes to insects.”

The idea of the species count was born when Dr. Rogers went to vacuum cobwebs in his room and wondered how many spiders were on the property.

HTML tutorial

“The three of us soon envisioned a plan to comb through the house and backyard in search of other critters that resided alongside us,” Dr. Holden said.

The survey revealed richly biodiverse creatures including 436 moth and butterfly species, 56 different spiders, eight reptiles and 56 birds.

The bird species included tawny frogmouths, laughing kookaburras, blue-faced honeyeaters, rainbow lorikeets, spotted doves and Brisbane favorite, the Australian white ibis.

HTML tutorial

“Blue-tongued skinks hibernated under the garage and at night blue-banded and teddy-bear bees slept in the hedges under the front window,” Dr. Holden said.

The researchers were also surprised to discover three species not previously recorded in Australia’s leading biodiversity database, Atlas of Living Australia — a mosquito, a sandfly, and an invasive flatworm, Platydemus manokwari, which is responsible for native snail population declines, around the world.

“The house was a complex ecosystem of species interacting — we stumbled upon the moth Scatochresis innumera, which as a caterpillar spends its whole time feeding inside the dung of the brushtail possum before emerging as an adult,” Dr. Holden said.

HTML tutorial

Parilyrgis concolor is another moth species whose caterpillar lives in spider webs and devours spider poop to survive.”

“Homes across all urban areas could play host to similar biodiversity.”

“It depends on how people tend to their homes and gardens — keeping low maintenance trees and shrubs and eliminating manicured lawns and pesticides will significantly boost the number of critters found.”

“You don’t have to go traveling to connect with Australia’s diverse range of species, just look in your own backyard.”

_____

Andrew M. Rogers et al. 2023. The house of a thousand species: The untapped potential of comprehensive biodiversity censuses of urban properties. Ecology, published online December 1, 2023; doi: 10.1002/ecy.4225

Leave a comment